ARABIC 4 METHODOLOGY OF IBN JARIR AL-TABARI (DIED: 923 CE = 310 AH) AND AL-MASUDI (DIED: 346 AH = 956 AD) IN THEIR BOOKS (HISTORY OF THE PROPHETS AND KINGS AND THE MEADOWS OF GOLD AND MINES OF GEMS)
منهج الطبرى ( ت 310هـ) والمسعودى ( ت 346 هـ ) في كتابيهما " تاريخ الرسل والملوك "،و" مروج الذهب ومعادن الجوهر ". (دراسة مقارنة تحليلية)
Keywords:Ibni-Jareer Al-tabari and Almasudi, Islamic history, Quranic sciences, Hadith narrations.
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the world. The beneficent, the merciful, the owner of the day of judgment and there is no God, but he, the most gracious and merciful. This article urges on the methodologies of Ibni-Jareer Al-tabari and Almasudi and their conceptual frameworks based on their ideologies and beliefs. Ibni-Jareer Al-tabari and Almasudi are the most prominent historians of Islamic history because their narrations and publications are considered to be the main sources of Islamic history. The study of the conceptual framework and methodologies of both scholars are of uttermost importance because both have published the Islamic history in the early ages, but both have different ideologies; Ibni-Jareer Al-tabari is a Sunni scholar and has vast knowledge about Quranic sciences and followed the strict rules of Hadith narrations in reporting historical events, he used narrative methodology for registering events before Islam and has reported events after Islam in chronological order year after year. On the other hand, Almasudi is considered to be the first Muslim scholar to combine history and scientific geography in his large-scale work named “Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿādin al-jawāhir” (The Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems), but the conceptual framework of Almasudi is different from Ibni-Jareer Al-tabari, according to different scholars he was Mu’tazili more than a Sunni Muslim. Therefore, it was necessary to clarify the conceptual framework and the methodologies of both prominent historians of the Muslim world.
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